With 1,246 islands comprising the whole boundaries, you could expect amazing things in different angles, packed in one country of Croatia. Planning your holiday in visiting this place could be a perfect treat you could get for yourself! Depending on which island you are headed, you will have many options of your preferred transportation. Since Croatia is an archipelago, beaches are just hand reach and this country is known to have a blessed beautiful coastline! It is interesting to know that the tourism department is giving huge contributions to the government, which supports the idea that many tourists keep on visiting and enjoying the beauty of the Croatia.
Important and Interesting facts about Croatia
- It had the greatest emigration rate in the world, after Ireland.
- Croatia has a mountain of unique and incomparable natural beauty – Velebit – one of the trademarks of Croatia, with unforgettable views to the islands and the mainland. It was recognized as a part of the international network of Biosphere Reserves.
- Croatia has the richest bird reservation in Europe (until the Serbian aggression in 1991) – Kopacki Rit, near the city of Osijek.
- Croatia has among the world’s most beautiful and best preserved medieval cities.
- Croatia has the smallest and loveliest town in the world – having city walls, two streets, two churches and 23 inhabitants. Over in Croatia’s northwest, you’ll find the quiet town of Hum, a sleepy hamlet of cobblestone streets.
- Croatia has Vukovar, baroque city on the beautiful blue Danube, ferociously devastated in the autumn 1991, eternal monument of human destructiveness and human indifference.
- The most preserved Roman amphitheater is located in Pula, Croatia, which is the only one in the world with all 3 rows completely preserved.
- Plitvice Lakes National Park is the oldest national park in Southeast Europe and the largest national park in Croatia. The national park is world famous for its lakes arranged in cascades. Currently, 16 lakes can be seen from the surface.
- In the central part of Croatian Adriatic, near where the Sibenik and Zadar islands meet, is a distinctive and, in many ways, special group of islands called Kornati. Due to their magnificent landscape beauty, interesting geomorphology, the great indentation of the coastline and wealth of living marine ecosystems, the majority of the sea area of the Kornati archipelago was proclaimed a national park in 1980. It includes a total of 89 islands, islets and crags, with approx. 238 km of coastline.
- National Park “Krka” of Croatia is a spacious, largely unchanged region of exceptional and multifaceted natural value, and includes one or more preserved or insignificantly altered ecosystems. It is intended primarily for scientific, cultural, educational, recreational, and because there are visitors and tourist activities.
- Croatia has 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Old City of Dubrovnik (1979); Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian (1979); Plitvice Lakes National Park (1979); Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Center of Porec (1997); Historic City of Trogir (1997); The Cathedral of St. James in Šibenik(2000); and Stari Grad (Hvar) Plain (2008).
Cool, Funny and Fun Facts about Croatia
- Croatia invented the nicktie. It may very well be Croatia’s must successful export. After all, it used to be called the cravat, and where did the word cravat come from? Croat.
- You’re probably far more familiar with Croatia than you may have realized, and we have Game of Thrones to thank for it. Though the show has taken viewers all over the world, seasons 2 and 3 showcased Croatia’s most famous city, the walled seaside fortress of Dubrovnik, which was chosen as King’s Landing.
- Croatia has the highest number of UNESCO Intangible Goods of any European country. Its Intangible Cultural Heritage List collects the more ethereal of humanity’s traditions, with everything from music, crafts, festivals, cuisine, and other customs considered for inclusion.
- The location of Dalmatians is Croatian. If you read about Croatia for a while, you’ll eventually find out that its waterfront is known as the Dalmatian Coast, and yes, that’s where the dog got its name.
- The Croatian currency is the kuna, which is the Croatian word for the marten, a ferret-like little rodent prized for its luxurious fur.
- Their coins are named after a lime tree. The kuna is divided into 100 lipa, which is the Croatian name of the linden lime tree.
- It’s the home of the world’s biggest truffle. And yes, it’s official. The record-holding truffle was discovered by Giancarlo Zigante, in 1999…or, more accurately, by his dog, Diana.
- It’s not called Croatia in Croatian. It’s called Hrvatska.
- The most successful skier in the history of winter Olympic Games is the Croatian skier Janica Kostelić and that Croatia is a country without skiing tradition? She won 4 Olympic golden and 2 silver medals.
- In its summer issue US women’s magazine Marie Claire has declared Dubrovnik’s Banje beachto be ‘the third most beautiful beach’ in the world.
Historical and Cultural facts about Croatia
- The earliest mention of “kuna”, Croatia’s monetary unit, is from the year 1018, on the island of Cres. The first known use of kuna on a Croatian coin goes as far back as 1256, when a local currency displaying kuna was issued in Slavonia.
- Beautiful white stone mined from the Croatian island of Brac was used to build the palace of the Roman emperor Diocletian and the limestone columns of the White House in Washington, D.C.
- Marco Polo, the famous explorer, was born on the Croatian island of Korcula.
- Maraschino liqueur is from the city of Zadar in Dalmatia region of Croatia. It is obtained from the distillation of Marasca cherries. The small, slightly sour fruit of the marasca cherry tree, which grows wild along parts of the Dalmatian coast, lends the liqueur its unique aroma.
- Croatia has a long and proud culinary tradition drawing upon its own natural resources, as well as influences from Italy and across the Mediterranean. The cuisine varies widely, from heavier meat based dishes in the countryside to delicious Italian meals along the coasts.
- First hydro power plant in the world was ‘Iskrice‘, made in the city of Šibenik, o the river Krka, Croatia in 1895.
- The parachute was invented and first trailedby the Croatian Faust Vrancic in the 17th century, who was also the designer of the first wind turbine.
- Croatians have their own alphabet or set of letters called ‘Glagolitic’. It emerged in the 9thcentury and was in daily use, along with the Latin alphabet, up to the 18th
- Croats practice bilateral kinship. In principle they favor the father’s side of the family. Couples traditionally resided with the husband’s parents after marriage, and were expected to have more to do with the husband and father’s relatives. Traditional kinship terms reflect this, with different terms for the husband’s parents and the wife’s parents, and for the two mothers-in-law.
- Pršut is a dry-cured ham, an essential part of every type of celebration in Croatia and every restaurant menu. The best domestic pršut is made with a help of nature – fall and early winter are the weather conditions necessary for its making, and local bura wind (the cold, salty wind from the Adriatic) is what makes its texture and taste unique.
- Crni rižot or black risotto, is another Croatian must-try dish. It’s a seafood risotto with cuttlefish and squid as main ingredients. Its name and black color are result of squids’ ink which gives this delicacy its distinctive Mediterranean flavor and personality. Traditionally it’s sprinkled with grated cheese.