A visit to Romania is like taking a trip back into the time of Medieval Europe. There are several grand castles that are still around, medieval villages, uniquely painted monasteries and incredibly fortified churches. This is the home of the Dracula legend, and can really show you that spooky and eerie vibe as if you were in the story yourself. This country is very rich with folklore and folk culture, which is something you could experience yourself if you were there. While we think that many of these are simply myths, some of the people there still believe in their superstitions and folklore enough that you could see them practicing it; which is quite a unique site to behold.
Important and Interesting Facts about Romania
- Romania is located in the Southeastern part of Europe, girding the Black Sea between Ukraine and Bulgaria.
- Romania is a home to the striking Carpathian mountain ranges that pass through its heart.
- The capital of Romania is Bucharest, once popular as the ” Paris of the East”.
- Romanian’s Danube Delta is a World Heritage site and it is the second largest delta in the whole of Europe.
- Romania’s most prominent resource is oil.
- Europe’s second largest underground glacier, the Scarisoara glacier, is found underneath the Bihor Mountains in Romania. It has a volume of 75,000 cubic meters and has existed for more than 3,500 years.
- Romanian streets are known for being home to thousands of stray dogs. Annually, there is an estimated number of 9,000 people being bitten by these abandoned dogs.
- The Danube to Black Sea canal in southeast Romania, is world’s third longest man-made navigation route, after the Suez and the Panama Canals.
- The Romanian Palace of Parliament in Bucharest is the second largest building in the world, next only to the Pentagon in the United States.
- The tallest wooden church in the world, and the second tallest wooden structure in Europe, can be found in Sapanta Peri, Maramures of northwestern Romania. It has a 23 foot tall cross that weighs 1,000 lbs, on top of the 257 foot tall church.
- Romania is Europe’s richest country in gold resources.
- The statue of Dacian king Decebal, carved in the rocky bank of the Danube River, is the tallest rock sculpture in Europe (135 feet tall).
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts about Romania
- In Romania, you can take train, buses, trams and trolleys for about .33 a journey!
- Romania’s 10-bani note issued in 1917 is the smallest paper money ever printed (dimensions: 1.08 x 1.49 in).
- The modern jet engine was invented by the Bucharest-born inventor Henri Coanda.Bucharest’s mass transit network is the fourth largest in Europe.
- Built by former Romanian dictator – Nicolae Ceausescu, Bucharest’s Palace of the Parliament – also known as People’s House – is the largest, heaviest and most expensive civil administration building on the planet.
- Somewhere along the Danube, near the small city of Orsova, in southwestern Romania, lies a 55-m high rock sculpture depicting Decebalus, the last king of Dacia. The monument is the largest rock sculpture in Europe and can only be reached by boat.
- Also known as the Mineralogical Collection of Brad, The Gold Museum in the small Romanian city of Brad is the only one of its kind in Europe. Founded 100 years ago, the gallery contains a mind-blowing collection of over 2000 pieces of gold gathered here from across the world. A highlight of the museum, however, is the native gold which is displayed exactly as found in the mines of the Romanian mountains. The pieces are so unique and spectacular that their value does not depend on grammage anymore. For instance, a lizard shaped item of only seven tenths of a gram of gold has been evaluated at EUR 3 million.
- Its official. Romania has the most beautiful waterfall in the world.Bigar Cascade Falls in Caras-Severin it’s been voted as number one by The World Geography. It is unique because of its stunning beauty and the way the water falls.
- Romania has one of the happiest cemeteries on Earth.Tucked away in a tiny village of Maramures county, near the Ukrainian border, the Merry Cemetery (Cimitirul Vesel) is not only a very unique burial site, but also an open-air museum and a tourist attraction in its own right. Designed in 1940 by the local woodcarver Stan Ion Patras, Sapanta’s cheerful cemetery stands out for its colorful high wooden crosses carved in oak and painted with scenes of the deceased’s life. Moreover, each tombstone features a witty poem depicting the person’s life and the way he/she died.
- In 2005, the Romanian currency, the “Leu”, dropped four of its zeroes, such that what used to be 10,000 lei became printed as just 1 leu. Banks started making them out of plastic instead of paper.The reason for this was a series of advantages that plastic has over paper. For example: incorporating additional safety features, durability, simpler automated processing and it can be recycled in a variety of plastic products.
- Almost everyone heard about the garbage bears from Romania. They’re a common site, venturing down from the rounding hills to eat their way through plastic bags . They’ve become a touristic attraction but for the garbage collectors things are not that pretty. Still, it is amazing how you can watch these impressive animals having dinner on your porch provided by courtesy of your neighbours’ leftovers .
Historical and Cultural Facts about Romania
- Romanian women are among the most beautiful, stylish, well dressed, educated, loving and loyal and family oriented women in the world!
- Peles Castle was the first European castle entirely lit by electrical current. The electricity was produced by the castle’s own plant.The castle’s central heating system, built in 1888, is still functional and in use today.
- In 1889 the Romanian city of Timisoara became the first in Europe to have electric street lighting.
- Timisoara was also the first European city to introduce horse-drawn trams, also in 1869.
- The earliest homo sapiens fossils, up to now, were discovered in 2002 in southwestern Romania, in the Cave of Bones. The fossil’s age is estimated at 37,800 to 42,000 years old.
- Three clay tablets, dated to around 5300 BC, discovered in the village of Tartaria in central Romania, have been the subject of considerable controversy among archaeologists, some of whom claim that the symbols represent the earliest known form of writing in the world.
- The Romanian language is 1,700 years old.
- Romania is known for having one of the largest gypsy populations in Europe.
- Most people believe that Romanian language is very similar to those spoken in Russia or other Slavic countries, but in reality, Romanian is a Romance language closely related to Italian, French, Spanish, Catalan and Portuguese.
- It is expected that you will use a person’s title and their surname until invited to use their first name.
- Initial greetings are formal and reserved. A handshake, direct eye contact, and the appropriate greeting for time of the day.