A proud home of fascinating architecture and impressive ancient cities, Uzbekistan is considered to be a country of rich history and culture. One of the lovely countries in the Central Asia, Uzbekistan has beautiful landscape and breathtaking views. Added to the nature’s beauty are the fabulous mosques and museums. Get to experience the best things in the country which includes the Aral Sea, Nuratau Mountains and the remote Karakalpakstan. Uzbekistan is known to have a strict policy and governance. However, the country still maintains its hospitality and friendliness to the visitors and the locals. If you are a traveler, you will surely be welcomed genuinely by the local people in Uzbekistan.
Important and Interesting Facts about Uzbekistan
- Uzbekistan is bordered by five countries: Kazakhstan and the Aral Sea to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest.
- Uzbekistan’s economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, its government continues to maintain economic controls which deter foreign investment and imports in favour of domestic ‘import substitution’
- The country receives continuous media attention and highlight due to the ecological disaster in the Aral Sea caused by a national irrigation system.
- It is the 56th largest country in the world by area and the 42nd by population.
- Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country. It is one of two doubly landlocked countries in the world (that is, a country completely surrounded by landlocked countries), the other being Liechtenstein.
- Due to its location within a series of endorheic basins, none of its rivers lead to the sea. Less than 10% of its territory is intensively cultivated irrigated land in river valleys and oases. The rest is vast desert (Kyzyl Kum) and mountains.
- The highest point in Uzbekistan is the Khazret Sultan, at 4,643 metres (15,233 ft) above sea level, in the southern part of the Gissar Range in Surkhandarya Province.
- Saligokh Street, known locally as ‘Broadway’, has some street artists and painters, who display their original artworks. There are many shopping centers, fashion shops, boutiques, restaurants, and cafes are located on and around the Broadway in Tashkent. Here you may also pick up some handmade crafts and bric-a-bracs.
- Located in the north of Tashkent, close to the Tashkent TV Towers, Aqua Park is the largest swimming area in Tashkent. Aqua Park is a water park for the whole family to enjoy, where young and old, will spend an unforgettable day’s visit to our park. Aqua Park Includes a restaurant and coffe shop.
- Japanese Garden in Tashkent is a small park in the center of the city with a nature of distant island countries, where the admiration of the beauties of nature is one of the essential components of life. Here, natural beauty is skilfully emphasized by the artistic-expressive means of Japanese landscape art.
- Being one of the greenest parks in Tashkent, Gafur Gulyam Park covers 23 acres. Variety of attractions to suit all tastes makes the park a favourite spot for residents of all ages. he large lake in the center of the park with a small green island bestows visitors a mild micro-climate and creates an idyllic living piece of wildlife.
- Tashkent’s Alisher Navoi National Park is one of the greatest city parks in the country. Covering a large park, a large lake, canals and fountains, a meadow and ornamental flower gardens, there’s a good chance you’ll forget you are right in the center of Tashkent. National Park in Tashkent has something for everyone.
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts about Uzbekistan
- The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.
- In Uzbekistan, handshakes are only acceptable if it is between two men.
- The way to greet an Uzbek woman is by bowing to her with your right hand placed over your heart.
- It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.
- The Uzbeks believe that turning bread upside down will bring you bad fortune.
- According to an ancient tradition, a member of the family who is set to go on a journey has to take a bite from a small piece of Uzbek bread. The remaining bread is then kept buried or hidden until the traveler comes home.
- Dr Pavel (crazy scientist) in the Dark Knight Rises, was apparently from Uzbekistan. Very funny, mr. Nolan!
- Tashkent is one of the few cities in the world where you can see the starry night sky and it’s possible because of low gas content
- Uzbekistan’s Muruntan gold mine is one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world.
- People are are homophobic.
- Uzbekistan don’t have donuts, they have Ukrainian Bubliks, Russian Pryaniks and Turkish Baklavas (they call it Pakhlava).
- The country have the world’s best mellons!
Historical and Cultural Facts about Uzbekistan
- The Uzbekistan land was once part of the ancient Persian Empire and was later conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C. During the 8th century, the nomadic Turkic tribes living there were converted to Islam by invading Arab forces who dominated the area.
- The Mongols under Ghengis Khan took over the region from the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century, and it later became part of Tamerlane the Great’s empire and that of his successors until the 16th century. The Uzbeks invaded the territory in the early 16th century and merged with the other inhabitants in the area. Their empire broke up into separate Uzbek principalities, the khanates of Khiva, Bukhara, and Kokand. These city-states resisted Russian expansion into the area but were conquered by the Russian forces in the mid-19th century.
- The territory was made into the Uzbek Republic in 1924 and became the independent Uzbekistan Soviet Socialist Republic in 1925. Under Soviet rule, Uzbekistan concentrated on growing cotton with the help of irrigation, mechanization, and chemical fertilizers and pesticides, causing serious environmental damage.
- In June 1990, Uzbekistan was the first central Asian republic to declare that its own laws had sovereignty over those of the central Soviet government. Uzbekistan became fully independent and joined with ten other former Soviet republics on Dec. 21, 1991, in the Commonwealth of Independent States.
- Vozrozhdeniye, an island in the Aral Sea, was a secret test site for biological weapons during the Soviet era. In 1988, the Soviets attempted to bury the evidence on the island, a frightening legacy that Uzbekistan inherited upon independence. U.S. scientists have confirmed that the island contains live anthrax and other deadly poisons.
- Elders are respected in Uzbek culture. At the dusterhon, younger guests will not make themselves more comfortable than their elders. The younger person should always greet the older first.
- Uzbekistan is a male-dominated society, particularly in the Ferghana Valley. Nevertheless, women make up nearly half the workforce. They hold just under 10 percent of parliamentary seats, and 18 percent of administrative and management positions, according to U.N. figures.
- Uzbeks are Sunni Muslims. The territory of Uzbekistan has been a center of Islam in the region for a thousand years, but under the Soviet Union the religion was heavily controlled: mosques were closed and Muslim education was banned. Beginning in 1988, Uzbeks have revived Islam, particularly in the Ferghana Valley, where mosques have been renovated. The call to prayer was everywhere heard five times a day before the government ordered the removal of the mosques’ loudspeakers in 1998.
- Uzbeks typically visit friends and relatives on holidays to eat large meals and drink large amounts of vodka. Holidays also may be marked by concerts or parades centered on city or town squares or factories.
- The territory of Uzbekistan has a long tradition of writers, though not all were Uzbek. The fifteenth-century poet Alisher Navoi, 1441–1501, is most revered; among his works is a treatise comparing the Persian and Turkish languages. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, 973–1048, born in Karakalpakistan, wrote a massive study of India. Ibn Sina, also known as Avicenna, 980–1037, wrote The Cannon of Medicine. Omar Khayyam, 1048–1131, came to Samarkand to pursue mathematics and astronomy. Babur, 1483–1530, born in the Ferghana Valley, was the first Moghul leader of India, and wrote a famous autobiography.
- Uzbek music is characterized by reedy, haunting instruments and throaty, nasal singing. It is played on long-necked lutes called dotars, flutes, tambourines, and small drums. It developed over the past several hundred years in the khanates on the territory of modern Uzbekistan, where musicians were a central feature of festivals and weddings. The most highly regarded compositions are cycles called maqoms.